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taiji:taiping_rebellion [2017/10/13 22:58]
serena created
taiji:taiping_rebellion [2018/06/26 05:19] (current)
serena
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 While negotiations with the European powers were being held, the Xianfeng Emperor and his imperial entourage fled to Jehol province in the name of conducting the annual imperial hunting expedition. As his health worsened, the emperor'​s ability to govern also deteriorated,​ and competing ideologies in court led to the formation of two distinct factions — one led by the senior official Sushun and the princes Zaiyuan and Duanhua, and the other led by Noble Consort Yi, who was supported by the general Ronglu and the Bannermen of the Yehenara clan. While negotiations with the European powers were being held, the Xianfeng Emperor and his imperial entourage fled to Jehol province in the name of conducting the annual imperial hunting expedition. As his health worsened, the emperor'​s ability to govern also deteriorated,​ and competing ideologies in court led to the formation of two distinct factions — one led by the senior official Sushun and the princes Zaiyuan and Duanhua, and the other led by Noble Consort Yi, who was supported by the general Ronglu and the Bannermen of the Yehenara clan.
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 +== Account in Wu Wenhan'​s book
 +Jarek Szymanski (http://​www.taiji-bg.com/​articles/​taijiquan/​t35.htm) writes,
 +
 +(A) Very interesting chapter related to history of Chen style Taijiquan can be found in Wu Wenhan'​s book "The Complete Book of the Essence and Applications of Wu (Yuxiang) style Taijiquan"​. There are two official (i.e. government) documents related to the defense of Huaiqing County (where Chenjiagou is located) against Taiping rebelion army in 1853. One is called "​Veritable Record of Taiping Army Attacking Huaiqing County"​ (Taiping Jun Gong Huaiqing Fu Shilu), and was written by Tian Guilin, who was responsible for "​defending the western town" in Huaiqing. The other is called "Daily Records of Huaiqing Defense"​ (Shou Huai Rizhi) and was written by Ye Zhiji (teacher from government school in Huaiqing). Neither Tian nor Ye were Taijiquan practitioners,​ both were government officials, and hence their accounts can be considered objective descriptions of the events at that time.
 +
 +According to the documents once Taiping army crossed Yellow River and attacked Huaiqing County, local militia was defeated and dispersed, while government troops escaped. Of all the villages only Chenjiagou resisted. In his "​Veritable Record"​ under 29th day of 5th month Tian Guilin wrote:
 +
 +"The head of the thieves (i.e. Taiping rebels) called Big Headed Ram (Da Tou Yang) invaded Chenjiagou. This thief was extremely brave and strong, he was able to carry two big canons under his arms and swiftly attack the town. The battles destroying whole town were conducted under the command of this thief. Fortunately Chen Zhongshen and Chen Jishen, two brothers from Chenjiagou, were very skilled in using spears and long poles, they used long poles to pull Big Headed Ram down from the horse, and then they cut his head off. (...) The thieves got very angry, and their whole group went to Zhaobao Jie (...) burning everything, then to Henei and villages around Baofeng, and there were no soldiers to come for rescue (of these areas), fortunately Chen Zhongshen and others managed to escape."​
 +
 +According to the documents, only inhabitants of Chenjiagou took active part in the fights against Taiping rebels. This would suggest that other villages had less people practicing martial arts than Chenjiagou. Those taking part in battles were mainly disciples of Chen Youben and Chen Zhongshen, as well as militia (Xiang Yong) from Chenjiagou; only very few disciples of Chen Changxing took part in fights. This would indirectly indicate that Chen Youben'​s branch was then more popular than that of Chen Changxing.
taiji/taiping_rebellion.txt · Last modified: 2018/06/26 05:19 by serena