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taiji:wu_gong-zao [2017/06/23 15:31]
serena created
taiji:wu_gong-zao [2017/06/23 15:36] (current)
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-<​title>​Wu Gong-Zao</​title>​+<​title>​Wu Gong-Zao ​(吴公藻)</​title>​
-...+== Lineage 
 +* Teachers: [[Yang Shao-hou]] 
 +* Students: [[Wu Da-Xin]] 
 +== About 
 +Wu Gongzao (1902–1983) was a famous Chinese teacher of t'ai chi ch'uanHe taught in Beijing, Shanghai, Changsha and Hong KongThe second son of [[Wu Jian-Quan]],​ he was the grandson of the first teacher of Wu-style t'ai chi ch'​uan,​ [[Wu Quan-yu]]. Wu Gong-Zao was the younger brother of [[Wu Gong-Yi]] and the older brother of [[Wu Ying-hua]]. The Wu family were originally of Manchu ancestry. 
 +== Biography 
 +As a young man, he studied t'ai chi ch'​uan,​ along with his brother, under the supervision of Yang Shao-hou. There was a tradition in the Chinese martial arts that youngsters be taught by teachers of a generation older than their parents'​. Since Wu Ch'​uan-yü had died the same year Wu Kung-tsao was born, he and his brother were taught by Yang Shao-hou, who was technically a generation senior to their father. Both Yang Shao-hou and Wu Chien-ch'​üan were famous for their "small circle"​ martial expertise. The motions of t'ai chi ch'uan forms and pushing hands are all based on different sized circles, small circle movements in the forms and applications follow a more compact pathway for different leverage applications than larger circles. 
 +In the 1920s Wu Kung-tsao served first as an infantry officer in the Thirteenth Brigade of the Nationalist army until 1929, then later as a martial art instructor for the Hunan Martial Arts Training Centre as well as an instructor for the famous Ching Wu martial art school. During the 1930s, he wrote a well-known commentary on the classic writings in 40 chapters on t'ai chi ch'uan that his grandfather had inherited from Yang Pan-hou. His commentary (including the original 40 chapters) was published as Wu Chia T'ai Chi Ch'uan (吳家太極拳,​ Wu family T'ai Chi Ch'​uan),​ also known by English speakers as The Gold Book because of the colour of its cover. In 1937, he established his family'​s first school in Hong Kong. In addition to his teaching and literary contributions to the art, Wu Kung-tsao became known as a specialist in the nei kung aspect of T'ai Chi training, both for martial purposes and for therapeutic interventions along the lines of traditional Chinese medicine. 
 +Wu Kung-tsao stayed on the mainland after the Chinese Communist takeover in 1949. During and for a short time after the Cultural Revolution of 1964-1978 he was imprisoned by the Red Guards due to his history as a Nationalist military officer, a traditional Confucian scholar and Taoist teacher as well as a hostage to ensure the "good behaviour"​ of the rest of his family who were at the time living in Shanghai and Hong Kong. He was routinely tortured while a prisoner but was finally released in 1979, when he moved again to Hong Kong. 
 +Wu Kung-tsao'​s second son Wu Ta-hsin was also known as an expert martial artist and teacher who in his turn was the senior instructor of the Wu family schools internationally from 2001 until 2005.
taiji/wu_gong-zao.txt · Last modified: 2017/06/23 15:36 by serena